Mechanisms of Human Arrhythmia Syndromes: Abnormal Cardiac Macromolecular Interactions

Peter J. Mohler, Xander H. T. Wehrens

Abstract

Many cardiac ion channels exist within macromolecular signaling complexes, comprised of pore-forming subunits that associate with auxiliary subunits, regulatory enzymes, and targeting proteins. This complex protein assembly ensures proper modulation of channel activity and ion homeostasis. The association of genetic defects in regulatory and targeting proteins to inherited arrhythmia syndromes has led to a better understanding of the critical role these proteins play in ion channel modulation.

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